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Study shows that some students receive large amounts of homework than experts recommend. And when students are forced to handle a load of schoolwork that is out of sync, it causes stress and negative health effects on children and their parents.
What is the standard homework?
The National Education Association (NEA) and the National PTA (NPTA) both support a standard 10 minutes of homework per grade level and setting a limit on after-school studying. The study shows that homework over this level is not only beneficial to children’s grades, but there is an excess of evidence that it is damaging their attitude about school, their grades, their social skills, their self-confidence, and their quality of life, Donaldson-Pressman told CNN.
Current scenario of homework in the US
The most recent study examines the issue, that kids in their early elementary school study received about three times the amount of recommended homework, according to a study published in The American Journal of Family Therapy. This study was conducted in Rhode Island where more than 1100 school-age children were involved. On average the first and second-grade students received 28 to 29 minutes of homework per night, and 25 minutes of homework received by kindergartener students per night. But as per the standards set by the NEA and NPTA, they shouldn’t receive homework at all.
Some people are even shocked to learn that kindergarteners had that much homework. And all the extra work leads to family stress, particularly when parents didn’t have a college degree and are not confident in their ability to talk with the school administration about their child’s work. In 2016, The Washington Post reported that some parents have just instructed their younger children not to do their homework. They said that the no-homework policy has removed the stress from their afternoons and evenings. In addition, it has been easier for their kids to participate in after-school activities.
Consequences for high school students
Some studies have found that high school students might also be overloaded with homework so much that it is taking a toll on their health.
Research conducted in 2013, at Stanford University found that students in high-achieving communities, those who spend too much time on homework experience more stress, physical health problems, a lack of balance in their lives, and isolation from society. The survey published in The Journal of Experimental Education recommended that any more than two hours of homework per night is counterproductive. However, students who contributed to the study reported doing slightly more than three hours of homework on average per night. To conduct the study, researchers surveyed more than 4,300 students at 10 high-performing high schools in upper-middle-class California communities. They also interviewed some students about their views on the homework they get.
When it came to stress, more than 70 % of students said they were “often or always stressed over homework” with 56 % listing homework as a primary stressor. Only less than 1 % of students said homework was not a stressor. It is high time that everyone understands that quality matter more than the quantity of homework assignments.
This is high time schools make policies to not burden students with loads of homework. Instead giving them activities that don’t affect their health would be a good idea. But it is a long shot and it requires systematic changes in schooling systems.